Houses in multiple occupation (HMO)

You need a license for a multiple occupancy house. This is for any House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) occupied by five or more people in two or more households, where householders lack or share facilities.  This includes:

  • A building
  • A converted flat
  • Purpose built flats (with up to two flats in the block and any which are occupied as a HMO)

You can read more about the legislation here.

HMO Licensing Conditions

You need to ensure that these conditions are met:

  • The floor area of any room in a HMO used as sleeping accommodation by one person aged over 10 years is not less than 6.51m²
  • The floor area of any room in a HMO used as sleeping accommodation by two persons aged over 10 years is not less than 10.22m²
  • The floor area of any room in a HMO used as sleeping accommodation by one person aged under 10 years is not less than 4.64m²
  • Any room in a HMO with a floor area of less than 4.64m² is not used as sleeping accommodation

Floor areas with a ceiling height of less than 1.5m can’t be counted in any total floor area calculation. A room which is a bedroom will be used as a sleeping accommodation; this applies whether or not it has a different purpose.

Where a breach is found to exist regarding room sizes, local authorities will be able to grant a period of not more than 18 months to make correct changes.

Landlords of licensed HMOs should also comply with any waste scheme for the storage and disposal of household waste before collection.

HMO Licensing Process

To apply for a HMO license, your application will need to include these documents:

  • Gas safety certificate
  • Electrical safety certificate
  • Energy performance certificate
  • Written fire risk assessment
  • Portable appliance test certificate (for appliances supplied with the property)
  • Plan of the property showing room sizes and numbers of rooms

You will also need to ensure you meet these standards that currently apply for a HMO licence.

For more information or if you have a question you can contact us at licensing@selby.gov.uk.

Apply online

Fire safety

We are responsible for fire safety in private housing (HMOs and private rented houses).

National Guidance on Fire Safety Standards – This is information for landlords on how to comply with the legal requirements in relation to fire safety in certain types of residential accommodation. It offers practical advice on risk assessments and contains case studies with suggested fire safety solutions. For aspects of fire safety, including the issuing of fire certificates, community fire safety and regulations, please visit North Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service.      

Will tacit consent apply?

No. It is in the public interest that we must process your application before it can be granted. If you have not heard from us within 14 days, please contact us. You can do this online if you applied through the GOV.UK website.

Failed Application 

Please contact us in the first instance. You may appeal to a residential property tribunal. Any appeal must be made within 28 days of the decision being made.

License Holder Redress

Please contact us in the first instance. You may appeal to a residential property tribunal regarding conditions attached to a license or any decision to vary or revoke a licence. Any appeal must be made within 28 days of the decision being made.

Consumer Complaint

If a licence is granted and you wish to appeal against it being granted, you may do so to a residential property tribunal within 28 days of the decision being made.