Coronavirus (COVID-19) - National restrictions

The national restrictions are:

You must stay at home. The single most important action we can all take is to stay at home to protect the NHS and save lives.

Click here to read the detailed guidance.

There is additional advice for people who are clinically extremely vulnerable to coronavirus and households with a possible or confirmed coronavirus infection. 

Meeting others

You cannot leave your home to meet socially with anyone you do not live with or are not in a support bubble with.

You may exercise on your own, with one other person, or with your household or support bubble.

Stay 2 metres apart from anyone not in your household.

Leaving your home

You must not leave or be outside of your home except where necessary. You may leave the home to:

  • shop for basic necessities, for you or a vulnerable person
  • go to work, or provide voluntary or charitable services, if you cannot reasonably do so from home
  • exercise with your household (or support bubble) or one other person, this should be limited to once per day, and you should not travel outside your local area.
  • meet your support bubble or childcare bubble where necessary, but only if you are legally permitted to form one
  • seek medical assistance or avoid injury, illness or risk of harm (including domestic abuse)
  • attend education or childcare - for those eligible
  • animal welfare reasons such as to attend veterinary service


You should minimise time spent outside your home.

You can exercise on your own, with your household or support bubble, or with one person from another household. Stay 2 metres apart from anyone not in your household or support bubble.

Bars, pubs and restaurants

Hospitality closed aside from sales by takeaway (until 11pm), click and collect, drive through or delivery. Alcohol cannot be purchased through takeaway or click and collect from hospitality venues.


Essential shops can open. Non-essential retail must close and can only run click and collect or delivery.

Work and business

Everybody must work from home unless they are unable to do so.


You must stay at home. If you need to travel you should stay local – meaning avoiding travelling outside of your village, town or the part of a city where you live – and look to reduce the number of journeys you make overall. The list of reasons you can leave your home and area include, but are not limited to:

  • work, where you cannot reasonably work from home
  • accessing education and for caring responsibilities
  • visiting those in your support bubble – or your childcare bubble for childcare
  • visiting hospital, GP and other medical appointments or visits where you have had an accident or are concerned about your health
  • buying goods or services that you need, but this should be within your local area wherever possible
  • outdoor exercise. This should be done locally wherever possible, but you can travel a short distance within your area to do so if necessary (for example, to access an open space)
  • attending the care and exercise of an animal, or veterinary services

If you need to travel, walk or cycle where possible, and plan ahead and avoid busy times and routes on public transport. This will allow you to practice social distancing while you travel.

Avoid car sharing with anyone from outside your household or your support bubble. See the guidance on car sharing.

If you need to use public transport, you should follow the safer travel guidance.


Early years settings are open. Primary and secondary schools and colleges move to remote provision except for vulnerable children and children of critical workers. Most university students to move to remote learning.

Leisure and sporting facilities

Closed, with limited exceptions.


Closed, with limited exceptions.

Personal care




Overnight stays

You must not stay overnight away from home. Limited exceptions apple such as to stay with your support bubble.

Care home visits

Visits to care homes can take place with arrangements such as substantial screens, visiting pods, or behind windows. Close-contact indoor visits are not allowed. No visits will be permitted in the event of an outbreak but end of life visits are permitted in all circumstances.

Weddings and funerals

Funerals of up to 30 people permitted. Weddings up to 6 people permitted in exceptional circumstances. Wakes and other linked ceremonial events of up to 6 people permitted.

Places of worship

Places of worship can remain open and communal worship is permitted, but you must not with those outside your household or support bubble.

Clinically extremely vulnerable

Shielding reintroduced across England. You should not travel to work, school, college or university and should limit the time you spend outside your home. You should only go out for medical appointments, exercise or if it is essential.

If you break the rules

The police can take action against you if you meet in larger groups. This includes breaking up illegal gatherings and issuing fines (fixed penalty notices).

You can be given a Fixed Penalty Notice of £200 for the first offence, doubling for further offences up to a maximum of £6,400. If you hold, or are involved in holding, an illegal gathering of over 30 people, the police can issue fines of £10,000.

Protecting people more at risk from coronavirus

If you are clinically vulnerable, you could be at higher risk of severe illness from coronavirus. There is additional advice for people who are clinically extremely vulnerable to coronavirus. Those who are clinically extremely vulnerable should not attend work, school, college or university, and limit the time you spend outside the home. You should only go out for medical appointments, exercise or if it is essential.

For more information and detailed guidance visit: